The Court Online Content Moderation: A Constitutional Framework

Rian Saputra(1*), M Zaid M Zaid(2), Silaas Oghenemaro Emovwodo(3),

(1) Faculty of Law, Universitas Slamet Riyadi, Surakarta
(2) Faculty of Law, Universitas Islam Riau, Pekanbaru
(3) Faculty of Art and Social Science, Universiti Brunei Darussalam
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aims to see and describe the practice of electronic justice in Indonesia based on the digital constitutionalism approach; as a concept that tends to be new, Digital Constitutionalism in its development also accommodates the due process online in scientific discourse. This research is normative legal research using a statutory and conceptual approach. Based on the research results, it is known that the practice of electronic justice in Indonesia still uses procedural law guidelines, which are conventional procedural law and internal judicial regulations. In contrast, the development of electronic justice that utilizes technological advances is insufficient to use conventional procedural law in its implementation because it is annulled. It has not been oriented to the protection of Human Rights as conceptualized in the Digital Constitutionalism discourse, which includes due process online. So the regulation of electronic justice in the future must be based on Digital Constitutionalism, which includes knowing the due process online by prioritizing the protection of human rights in a virtual scope from the provider of electronic judicial technology facilities.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Afriana, Anita, ‘A Fast Procedure As an Access To Justice in Order To Realize a Simple, Fast, and Low Cost Principle in Indonesia’, Jurnal Dinamika Hukum, 16.1 (2016), 99–105 https://doi.org/10.20884/1.jdh.2016.16.1.489

Aji, Adiguna Bagas Waskito, Puji Wiyatno, Ridwan Arifin, and Ubaidillah Kamal, ‘Social Justice on Environmental Law Enforcement in Indonesia: The Contemporary and Controversial Cases’, The Indonesian Journal of International Clinical Legal Education, 2.1 (2020), 57–72 https://doi.org/10.15294/ijicle.v2i1.37324

Ali, Mahrus, and M. Arif Setiawan, ‘Penal Proportionality in Environmental Legislation of Indonesia’, Cogent Social Sciences, 8.1 (2022) https://doi.org/10.1080/23311886.2021.2009167

Anderson, H, ‘Directors’ Liability for Corporate Faults and Defaults International Comparison’, Pacific Rim Law and Policy Journal, 18.1 (2009), 1–51 https://digital.law.washington.edu/dspace-law/bitstream/handle/1773.1/518/18PacRimLPolyJ1.pdf?sequence=1

Anggraeni, Anggita, ‘Penal Mediation As Alternative Dispute Resolution: A Criminal Law Reform In Indonesia’, Journal of Law and Legal Reform, 1.2 (2020), 369–80 https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15294/jllr.v1i2.35406

Badriyah, Siti Malikhatun, ‘Penemuan Hukum (Rechtsvinding) Dan Penciptaan Hukum (Rechtsschepping) Oleh Hakim Untuk Mewujudkan Keadilan’, Masalah-Masalah Hukum, 40.3 (2011), 384-392–392 https://doi.org/10.14710/mmh.40.3.2011.384-392

Davis, Peter Alexander Earls, ‘Decrypting Australia’s “Anti-Encryption” Legislation: The Meaning and Effect of the “Systemic Weakness” Limitation’, Computer Law and Security Review, 44.September 2018 (2022), 105659 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2022.105659

Diffie, Whitfield, and Susan Landau, Privacy on the Line The Politics of Wiretapping and Encryption (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2007) https://doi.org/10.1080/0731129X.2013.817070

Dubinsky, William, Daniel A. Farber, and Philip P. Frickey, Law and Public Choice: A Critical Introduction, Michigan Law Review, 1992, xc https://doi.org/10.2307/1289429

De Gregorio, Giovanni, ‘Democratising Online Content Moderation: A Constitutional Framework’, Computer Law and Security Review, 36 (2020), 105374 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2019.105374

Gregorio, Giovanni De, ‘Digital Constitutionalism in Europe Reframing Rights and Powers in the Algorithmic Society’, Gastronomía Ecuatoriana y Turismo Local., 1.69 (1967), 5–24 https://doi.org/10.1080/0731129X.2013.817070

Karmawan, ‘Mediation in The Religious Courts of Indonesia’, Ahkam: Jurnal Ilmu Syariah, 20.1 (2020), 79–96 https://doi.org/10.15408/ajis.v20i1.13249

Koppl, Roger, and Meghan Sacks, ‘The Criminal Justice System Creates Incentives for False Convictions’, Criminal Justice Ethics, 32.2 (2013), 126–62 https://doi.org/10.1080/0731129X.2013.817070

Lisdiyono, Edy, ‘Improving Legal Argument Critically in the Litigation Mechanism in Indonesia (an Empirical Study of Environmental Verdicts)’, Sriwijaya Law Review, 1.1 (2017), 64–73 https://doi.org/10.28946/slrev.Vol1.Iss1.10.pp080-092

Marsden, Chris, Trisha Meyer, and Ian Brown, ‘Platform Values and Democratic Elections: How Can the Law Regulate Digital Disinformation?’, Computer Law and Security Review, 36 (2020), 105373 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2019.105373

Melenko, Oksana, ‘Mediation as an Alternative Form of Dispute Resolution: Comparative-Legal Analysis’, European Journal of Law and Public Administration, 7.2 (2021), 46–63 https://doi.org/10.18662/eljpa/7.2/126

Meyer, Emilio Peluso Neder, Digital Constitutionalism, Constitutional Erosion in Brazil, 2021 https://doi.org/10.5040/9781509941971.ch-007

Naibaho, Nathalina, Harkristuti Harkrisnowo, Suhariyono AR, and Andri Wibisana, ‘Criministrative Law: Developments and Challenges in Indonesia’, Indonesia Law Review, 11.1 (2021) https://doi.org/10.15742/ilrev.v11n1.647

Najih, Mokh, and Fifik Wiryani, ‘Learning the Social Impact of Corruption: A Study of Legal Policy and Corruption Prevention in Indonesia and Malaysia’, Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 11.4 (2020), 175–89 https://doi.org/10.1080/0731129X.2013.817070

Pradityo, Randy, ‘Restorative Justice Dalam Restorative Justice in Juvenile Justice System’, Jurnal Hukum Dan Peradilan, 5.3 (2016), 319–30 https://doi.org/10.25216/jhp.5.3.2016.319-330

Prasetyo, Ngesti, Moh Fadli, Tunggul SN, and Muchamad Safaat, ‘The Politics of Indonesias Decentralization Law Based on Regional Competency’, Brawijaya Law Journal, 8.2 (2021), 159–84 https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.blj.2021.008.02.01

Raskolnikov, Alex, ‘Crime and Punishment in Taxation: Deceit, Deterrence, and the Self-Adjusting Penalty’, Columbia Law Review, 106 (2006), 569–642 https://doi.org/10.1080/0731129X.2013.817070

Rian Saputra and Silaas Oghenemaro Emovwodo, ‘Indonesia as Legal Welfare State : The Policy of Indonesian National Economic Law’, Journal of Human Rights, Culture and Legal System, 2.1 (2022), 1–13 https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.53955/jhcls.v2i1.21

Saputra, Rian, Muhammad Khalif Ardi, Pujiyono Pujiyono, Sunny Ummul Firdaus, Universitas Slamet Riyadi, and Universitas Sebelas Maret, ‘Reform Regulation Of Novum In Criminal Judges In An Effort’, Jils (Journal Of Indonesian Legal Studies), 6.2 (2021), 437–82 https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15294/jils.v6i2.51371

Syahrial Haq, Hilman, Nasri Nasri, Khudzaifah Dimyati, and Absori Absori, ‘The Institutionalization of Community Mediation for Resolving Merarik Marriage Disputes in Sasak Community’, Jurnal Media Hukum, 26.1 (2019), 1–10 https://doi.org/10.18196/jmh.20190118

Waye, Vicki, and Ping Xiong, ‘The Relationship between Mediation and Judicial Proceedings in China’, Asian Journal of Comparative Law, 6.1 (2011) https://doi.org/10.2202/1932-0205.1312

You, Chuanman, ‘Law and Policy of Platform Economy in China’, Computer Law and Security Review, 39 (2020), 105493 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2020.105493




DOI: https://doi.org/10.53955/jhcls.v2i3.54

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 137 times
PDF - 49 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Rian Saputra; M Zaid; Silaas Oghenemaro Emovwodo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Journal of Human Rights, Culture and Legal System

Print ISSN: 2807-2979
Online ISSN: 2807-2812
Website: https://www.jhcls.org/index.php/JHCLS/index
Email: journalhumanrightslegalsystem@gmail.com cc to contrariusindonesia@gmail.com
Published by: Lembaga Contrarius Indonesia
Office: Contrarius Indonesia Institute
Sibela Utara Street No.3, Mojosongo, Kec. Jebres, Kota Surakarta.